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holly tree facts 12 January/2021

This hybrid is a conical evergreen shrub or small tree that grows over time to 12-25 tall or more, unless pruned shorter. Holly is a genus of about 480 species of flowering plants. Try 3 issues of BBC Wildlife Magazine for just £5! The height of a full-grown holly tree varies depending on the species. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. These evergreen leaves are 2 to 4 inches long and less than 2 inches wide. Its dense and finely-textured wood was popular in decorative marquetry and inlay work. Holly, (genus Ilex), genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Females produce bright berries. A Changing Libraries Initiative - This site and all content is … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The berries can be red, orange, or even yellow, and birds and other wildlife will feed on them through the winter months. It has outstanding potential as a standalone specimen or massed with others of its kind in a glorious hedge. All five thrush species found in Britain in winter love holly berries, dispersing the stone fruit through their droppings. Fruit appears on a female holly tree after pollination. Often the lower leaves are very spiny, while upper leaves are more ovate and have fewer spikes. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. Ilex cornuta 'Burfordii', Burford Holly. Female flowers develop into rich red berries, which remain on the tree throughout winter. Japanese holly (I. crenata), an East Asian shrub growing to 6 metres (20 feet), has small evergreen leaves and black berries. Carolina Holly (Ilex ambigua) Carolina holly is one of the deciduous species of holly. Possum haw (I. decidua), also deciduous, bears red fruits on a shrub growing to 10 metres (33 feet). Like other hollies, this species is dioecious (separate male and female plants), so you will need to plant a male pollinator in order for this shrub to flower and bear fruit. Holly Trees are the only genus remaining in the family Aquifoliaceae, the others going extinct. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. At maturity, holly trees reach a height of 35 to 50 feet and a width of 15 to 25 feet. Holly leaves are evergreen. Before holly was hung in houses to accompany Christmas trees, it was considered to be a sacred plant by the Druids. Hollies have alternate simple leaves, and the leaves of many species have wavy margins tipped with spines. Their small leav… As the whitest wood, it can also be easily stained. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. Often referred to as the Christmas holly, this berry-laden evergreen shrub or tree is preferred for wreath production and holiday decorations. Hollies can be shrubby or tree like, shaped for a manicured appearance into teardrops, lollipops (like the East Palatka holly pictured above) or even small shade trees. Holly facts Holly mythology and folklore Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. It is native to eastern North America, as is the deciduous winterberry (I. verticillata). Like many other hollies, yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria) is an evergreen shrub or tree that is loved for the colorful berries it produces on the female plants. English holly's native range is the British Isles to southern and central Europe. How is holly dispersed? You're now subscribed to our newsletter. The berries are bright red, vivid orange or … The leaves are a leathery, glossy, dark green and vary in size and shape. The Eagleston Holly can be used for a variety of landscape settings as either a tall screen or a solitary specimen when grown with a single trunk in tree form. As one of Britain’s most common native trees, holly has been used by furniture makers for centuries. Both male and female holly trees exist, but only the female version can bear fruit. There are many types (species) of holly. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. New low growth has more spines as it is within the browsing zone of deer – leaves that are above 2–3m are smoother-edged. It can grow well … East Palatka holly grows 35 to 40 feet tall, according to the University of Florida, and is a hybrid of Ilex cassine -- the Dahoon holly -- and Ilex opaca, American holly. Giraffes would find it easier to eat holly leaves... Holly is well known for its tough, spiny leaves; the … Acorns are produced in the first year falling in autumn. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With its prickly, evergreen leaves and bright red berries, holly is a distinctive but uncommon small tree in the understorey of the Caledonian Forest. English holly plants (Ilex aquifolium) are the quintessential hollies, short broadleaf evergreen trees with dense, dark-green glossy leaves. The female has a fat green ‘boss’ in the middle. All five thrush species found in Britain in winter love holly … Thanks! Botanically speaking, the fruit is the hard ‘stone’ at the centre, the exocarp is the red outer skin and the mesocarp is the fleshy orange layer in between. The holly oak is a tough evergreen tree as wide as it is tall with a dense rounded crown. English holly and American holly are used as ornamental Christmas greens. The male has four prominent, pollen-bearing stamens that splay out in an ‘X’ shape, seen in spring and summer, from May. The margins may or may not be irregularly toothed. The somewhat taller American holly (I. opaca) has oblong prickly leaves and usually red fruits. Nellie Stevens Holly is a hardy tree. According to the Holly Society, “We now know that the spines on the distinctively-shaped holly leaves can act as miniature lightning conductors, thereby protecting the tree and other nearby objects.” So feel free to prune your holly and cut branches for the holidays, but you might be tempting fate to cut it down entirely! There is nothing new about Burford Holly since it is commonly used as a shrub and kept small with pruning. Holly Trees have famously spiky leaves! Both male and female plants produce small white flowers in spring which attract pollinators. 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